💧Urinary tract infection is the term used to describe acute urethritis, pyelonephritis and cystitis caused by microorganisms.
- Upper UTI (It is also called pyelonephritis including kidney & ureter)
- Lower UTI (It is also called ascending infection including bladder & urethra).
- Acute pyelonephritis
- Acute prostatitis
iv) Mostly occured by streptococci & staphylococcus epidermidis.
➡️ Most occur in sexually active young person.
i) Sexual intercourse
ii) Female gender (Because in case of female urethra is very short than male. So female is more affected)
iii) Diabetes mellitus
iv) Impaired bladder emptying.
i) Suprapubic pain
ii) Dysuria (Feeling pain during micturition)
iii) Burning sensation during micturition
iv) Frequency & urgency of micturition.
i) Routine microscopic examination (R/M/E): Pyuria in which WBC >5/HPE+If culture sensitivity (C/S) is present it indicate sterile pyuria (Also called urethritis)
ii) CBC, Raised ESR
iii) Serum urea, Creatinine
iv) USG OF KUB region to see any structural malformation.
i) To reduce infection antibiotics like tab- Nitrofurantoin 50mg 4 times daily or Ciprofloxacin 500mg twice in a day.
ii) Pain medication tab- Tiemonium methylsulphate 50mg
iii) To drink 3L water per day
iv) Maintain personal hygiene
v) Emptying of bladder after or before intercourse.
Md SK Rahman Shakib
M Abdur Rahim Medical College
Platform Academia/ Jannatul Sara